Top 10 World’s Most Famous Historical Monuments
They say history is not everyone’s cup of tea. They say that not everyone likes to know of all the things that happened in the past and it is called ‘past’ for a reason and that we should let it go. Some go as far as to say that history is absolutely useless. But what they fail to understand that if it wasn’t for history, we would not have come this far as a civilization. Our great history is the evidence of our culturally significant and relevant past. It teaches us so much. It shows us the mistakes we, as a civilization, made in the past so that we don’t repeat them again. The best way to know about history is to see for yourself, the places where history was created. The places, the monuments, the buildings or whatever it may be, that have had any importance or influence on our world history. Historically important monuments and sites are present all over the world, obviously. But the sheer grandeur, beauty, majesty and aura of some of the historical monuments in the world is so great that we cannot help but be amazed. Here is a list of the top 10 historical monuments of the world-
Ever seen pictures of Mayans jumping of that large pyramid on 21st December 2012 (their idea of a joke)? That’s Tikal for you! Located in Guatemala, Tikal was a large city-state, in which is situated the Tikal temple. The Tikal temple is dedicated to the Sun god by the Maya tribe of Mesoamerica. It also consisted of palaces. It was the capital of a conquest state during the reign of the Mayans. It is said to have been built approximately around 732 AD and it rises 47 meters. Inside, you can see sculptures and art-pieces which tell us about the Mayan rulers and their lives. People from all around the world come to marvel at the well-conserved piece of architecture.
Historical monuments are always surprising. But this one surprised the archaeologists the most. The Stonehenge is a megalithic structure situated near Salisbury, England. Now to someone who sees it, it’s just stones. But what’s surprising is that the structure was built in the 3000 BC and the extremely heavy stones were brought all the way from Wales. The whole idea of the people of the Neolithic society managing to build a structure of this size was awe-inspiring. Now the stone circle is a restricted area but people do go there to see the sunsets and sunrises with silhouettes of this great structure.
8. Easter Island
South America is replete with some really brilliant historical monuments. And one of these many monuments is the Moai statues on Easter Island. On this quaint little Pacific island, lived the Moai tribes, years and years ago. And to symbolize their culture and their existence, they built the statues of the heads of the people of the Maoi tribes. These statues were made from volcanic ash. This was a big feat for the people who were essentially known as primitives! The park where the statues are located is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
7. Angkor Wat
Once a major center of activity and commerce of the Khmer empire, Angkor Wat now remains as one of the oldest temple complexes in the world. The design and construction of the temple started in the 12th century. Due to years of wars, many parts of the temple are now remaining as stones and rubble. But the intricate designs on the walls of almost each temple in this complex draw a million tourists there every year. The breath-taking monument now stands as the largest religious monument in the world. One must go there in the early hours, before tourists come in, to enjoy the beauty of it.
Petra is not a monument as such, it is a city. But the monuments that are spread across Petra are so important historically that Petra is known as one the world’s more important historical cities. Built as early as 309 BC, it was discovered only in 1812. It is carved into the Arabah canyon and its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system is something worth having a look at and it’s no wonder that people flood it from everywhere to see the giant marvelous creations. It is now also one of the Seven Wonders Of The World
Nothing good ever came out of the war. And the breath-taking Parthenon, now standing in somewhat ruins, says that very loudly and clearly. Built in the 5th century BC as a testament to the tremendous power of Athens and the Greek empire as a whole, the Parthenon is a temple in Athens dedicated to the goddess Athena. It’s classic sculptures, flawless marble, and beautiful architecture ensure you have some Greek play playing in your head as you soak in its beauty. The monument is now under changes and renovation and it remains one of the most important buildings of Greece and the world.
4. The Pyramids of Giza
The pyramids, built circa 3000 years ago, are still one of the most enigmatic structures in the world. How the Egyptians built each of the Pyramids of Giza with the correct precision, with the alignment to stars and solstices and how many chambers in the pyramids are yet to be discovered, we don’t know. In the Giza necropolis lies the Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza and lots more. Each of the pyramids has stories to tell. The tombs, sculptures, carvings are all evidences of a glorious past of Egypt.
The Roman Empire was huge and it ruled almost all of the known once upon a time. Today, we have their monuments which give us an experience of what it would be like to live in that era. The Coliseum, in Rome, Italy, was built in 70 AD. It was an amphitheater where gladiators battled for their lives. In that era, people built a monument which could hold 50,000-80,000 spectators. The architecture, the design and the idea is all so beautiful that you will be spell-bound. It is considered as the greatest piece of Roman architecture. An eerie feeling will creep through your body as you walk around the Colosseum, think what the gladiators felt like. It is an experience that everyone should have.
2. Taj Mahal
The epitome of beautiful Mughal Architecture is also the epitome of love. Taj Mahal was built in the 1960s, under the command of Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The white marble is carved with some extremely dainty and delicate designs and its sheer beauty and pristine look will baffle you. It is said that Shah Jahan ordered the hands of all the men who helped build the Taj Mahal to be cut so they could never build something like this again. Taj Mahal has been one of the Seven Wonders of the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It sees millions of tourists every year.
1. Machu Picchu
Lost civilizations always have so many stories to tell. Machu Picchu, located in Peru, was a major culture hub of the Inca Civilization.It was built around 1450 and gained worldwide fame in the early 1900s. Its mountainous peaks and deep valley are something very precious. The architecture style is the Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. The city was abandoned during the Spanish Conquest. But it is said that the city can unearth many secrets of the Inca civilization. If one wants to enjoy the beauty of the place, one has to take a 4-day trek but it is also accessible by train. These are not the only monuments in the world, there are many more. And if you cannot visit these, you can visit the others. But don’t miss out on the beautiful history our world has!