Top 10 Fastest Trains in World 2013
We live in a world of rapidly evolving technology. Things that were unimaginable a decade ago is now live and accessible to us. Everything is getting smarter and faster. We co-exist with dozens of gadgets and gizmos. This world of super fast technology is highly exciting and sometimes makes us loose our breath! One such adrenaline-rush-provoking field is that of the lightning fast trains. Who knew that one day we would be able to cover miles of distance in minutes! The following list of top 10 fastest trains in the world would make our good ol’ Shatabdi Express passé:
10. THSR 700T – 300 km/h
The Series 700T is a high-speed electric multiple unit used by the Taiwan High Speed Rail based on the Shinkansen Series 700 EMU in Japan. It was built by Hitachi, Kawasaki, and Nippon Sharyō. It began revenue service in 2007 on the first and only high-speed railway in Taiwan between Taipei and Zuoying (Kaohsiung). Unlike other Japanese high-speed trains, the 700T does not feature an aggressive aerodynamic nose design. This is to maximise seating capacity of the trains and it is also due to the fact that the Taiwan HSR infrastructure is built to European standards which feature larger tunnels. A 12-car 700T has a seating capacity of 989 including 66 Business Car seats and 923 Standard Car seats.
9. Elettro Treno Rapido 500 (ETR 500) Frecciarossa – 300 km/h
ETR 500 is a family of Italian high-speed trains introduced in 1993. In 2008, Trenitalia, the primary train operator in Italy owned by Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane, introduced new brand names for its Eurostar Italia Alta Velocità high-speed trains that categorise them according to top speed. The new brand name for trains with top speeds in the 300–350 km/h range is Frecciarossa (meaning Red Arrow).The ETR 500 are currently the only trains qualifying as Frecciarossa. The trains receive a new livery with a red stripe and the brand name on the power cars.
8. TGV Duplex – 300-320 km/h
The TGV Duplex is a French high-speed train of the TGV family, manufactured by Alstom, and operated by the French national railway company SNCF. It is unique among TGV trains in that it features bi-level carriages. With two seating levels and a seating capacity of 508 passengers, the Duplex maximizes the number of passengers carried in one train set. The trains in the TGV Duplex series mainly run on the TGV Méditerranée line between Paris and Marseille. More than 450 TGV series trains are currently serving 230 destinations.
7. Shinkansen Hayabusa – 320 km/h
The E5 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company. The exterior design of the trains is broadly based on the experimental Fastech 360S train, with a colour scheme of green for the upper body and white for the lower body, separated by a pink stripe. A trip from Tokyo to Shin-Aomori, a distance of 713 km, can be completed in 179 minutes. There are GranClass seats on (similar to Business Class on an airline) and the cabin is arranged in a 1 by 1 seating arrangement. The train features full active suspension (FSA) system, which reduces the vibration of the moving bogies, and a 15m long nose which reduces the sound blast in tunnels.
6. Alstom Euroduplex – 320 km/h
The SNCF TGV 2N2 or Euroduplex is a high speed TGV train built by Alstom and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company and ONCF, the Moroccan National Railway Company. It is the third generation of the TGV Duplex bi-level train. The Euroduplex was initially introduced on the Rhine-Rhone LGV high-speed rail line. The train is capable of transporting 1,020 passengers (multiple units), compared to TGV Duplex which transports about 512 passengers. Euroduplex trains are designed to operate on French, German, Swiss and Luxembourgish rail networks. They are equipped with traction systems adapted to different electric currents used across Europe. The Euroduplex train sets have facilities to display the car number, train number and destination externally, near the doors. Internal screens also display the information in various languages.
5. Talgo 350 – 350 km/h
Talgo 350 (T350) is a very high speed train developed by Patentes Talgo (Tren Articulado Ligero Goicoechea Oriol), a Spanish company. It is manufactured by the consortium of Patentes Talgo and Bombardier Transportation. The development of Talgo 350 was initiated for the Madrid-Barcelona high-speed railway line. The prototype development was commenced in 1997. Trial runs of the fully constructed prototype were commenced in 2002. The T350 train set is designed to be optimally aerodynamic to handle air pressure and air currents at high speeds. It has a high level of redundancy in traction between rail and auxiliary systems. The car body is light in weight, airtight and pressurised so as to comfortably pass through tunnels and crossings.
4. Velaro E 103 – 350 km/h
Velaro E, designated as AVE S 103 in Spain, is the fastest series-production high-speed train in the world. It achieved a whopping speed of about 400kmph during its test trips in Spain. The train is available in five variants, namely Velaro E, Velaro D, Velaro RUS, Velaro e320 and Velaro CRH3. Velaro is fully operable in snow and ice. It offers clear visibility to the driver in different snow conditions. The design of Velaro includes a flexible platform which was developed based on the ICE high-speed trains platform made by German national railway company Deutsche Bahn. Velaro includes multiple-units with two bogies per car. It features advanced technology in aerodynamic profiling, energy management and noise reduction.
3. AGV Italo – 360 km/h
Automotrice Grande Vitesse (AGV) is an advanced very high speed train designed and developed by Alstom. It is claimed to be the most economical and eco-friendly railcar in the world. It is the world’s first train design to combine articulated carriage architecture with a distributed traction system and synchronous permanent magnet motors (PMM). It is built with aluminum alloys to reduce the overall weight by 700kg compared to using steel. An 11-car AGV train is fitted with six independent traction units. The shut-down of one power module in this configuration will result in the loss of only 1/6th of the efficient train traction power.
2. Harmony CRH 380A – 380 km/h
CRH380A is high speed rolling stock which was developed by the China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation (CSR). It is one among the four train models designed to be operated at speeds of 380kmph on the newly built Chinese high speed lines. It is the world record holder in the fastest train category, hitting a speed of 486.1kmph on the world’s longest high speed line in China. Some of the major features are low-resistance and streamlined head, highly pressurized tight body, safe and reliable high-speed bogies, advanced noise control technology, and regenerative braking with a maximum energy feedback rate of 95%.
1. Shanghai Maglev – 430 km/h
Shanghai Maglev tops the list with its maximum operational speed of 430km/h and average speed of 251kmph. It is a magnetic levitation train, or maglev line that operates in Shanghai, China. It is the first commercially operated high-speed magnetic levitation line in the world and only the third Maglev line to be operated. During a non-commercial test run on 12 November 2003, a maglev train achieved a Chinese record speed of 501 km/h! It cost $1.2 billion to build. Following the opening, overall maglev train ridership levels were at 20% of capacity.The levels were attributed to limited operating hours, the short length of the line, high ticket prices and that it “virtually goes nowhere”, terminating at Longyang Road in Pudong – another 20 min by subway from the city centre.