Top 10 Creepiest Spiders Around the World
Spiders are usually looked up to as hideous and notorious creatures. Though they are harmless under normal circumstances and tend to stay away from humans, people still squirm on their mention. These eight legged creatures with six to eight pairs of eyes are distinct from other invertebrates. With their impressive ability to weave webs, catch prey and survive in odds, they have made themselves a good place in ecosystem from past millions of years. Here is a list of some species of these wanderers, that will definitely make you twitch in your places.
10. Brown Recluse Spider
A venomous yet harmless spider called brown recluse or violin spider named after the markings on its body that looks like a violin with the neck of the violin pointing to the rear of the spider, resulting in its nickname. These tiny creatures are range from 6 to 20 millimeter in size. There have been many human-recluse encounters in shoes, inside dressers, in bed sheets of infrequently used beds, in clothes stacked or piled, inside gloves, behind baseboards and pictures, in toilets, and near any sources of warmth though none resulted in any fatal cases. These species are rarely aggressive and when threatened they usually prefer fleeing, rather than warning, confronting and attacking. There lifespan is just about one to two years. The female produces several egg sacs, containing approximately 50 eggs, over a period of 2 to 3 months. Being robust and tolerant these spiders can survive six months of drought and scarcity of food.
9. Golden Silk Orb
Known for weaving impressive webs, golden silk orb belongs to Nephila group of this species, which means ‘fond of spinning’ in Ancient Greek. Their color varies from reddish to greenish yellow with patches of white on the body and legs. The name of the golden silk orb refers to the color of the silk of this spider and not the color of the spider itself. The yellow threads of their webs shine like gold in sunlight, which may be to attract bees and other insects. They can reach up to 4.8–5.1 centimeter size in females, with males being less than 2.5 cm, excluding the leg span. Their prey includes small birds and even snakes. The webs of golden orb are used by other spiders to catch prey or even inhibit their webs, resulting in either abandoning of the web or making frequent webs by the host. The bite of this spider is not at all lethal, though it may cause redness, irritation and other troubles if found allergic, but the effect disappears in 24 hours.
8. Diving Bell Spider
Argyroneta aquatic or the diving bell spider is the only species of spider that dwell under water, thus they are also called water spider. The Female bell spider makes diving bell webs which they fill with air. They spend their entire lives in the bells, molting, mating , raising offspring and catching prey. However they have to occasionally come to the water surface, to renew the oxygen supplies of their bells. The males are active hunters and are bigger in size than females unlike other species. The male creates its bells near that of female and spins a tunnel from his bell, breaking into to hers and entering her bell.The mating takes place in the female’s bell. The she spider lays around between 30 and 70 eggs in her bell itself. The spiders prey on aquatic insects and fall prey to frogs and fish. Their bite is quite painful as the fangs can pierce the skin, causing inflammation.
7. Mouse Spider
Missulena bradleyi commonly called as mouse spiders, are venomous like their close relatives, the funnel- web spiders. According to an old belief, they were said to dig deep holes like mice and dwell there, hence the name but this was eventually proved false. Their size can range from 1 to 3 centimeter in length. The male Red-headed mouse spider are brownish or blue-black in color, with bright red-tinged jaws to attract females. They feast upon insects and their predators include wasps, centipedes and scorpions. The mouse spider lives in burrows covered with trapdoors, to catch their prey. Female mouse spiders generally remain in their burrows while the males will wander in search of mates. Mouse spiders are aggressive and their bite causes similar symptoms as the funnel webs, but they are far less aggressive towards humans, and may often give “dry” bites.
6. Brazilian Wandering Spider
Phoneutria nigriventor, commonly called as the wandering spider, is notorious species being the world’s most venomous spiders in world. The spider can grow up to a leg span of 5.1 to 5.9 inches. They are also called banana spiders as they have tendency to hide in banana bunches and plantations. Unlike other spiders they don’t reside in cobwebs, rather they choose some moist and dark place for shelter or near human dwellings. Wandering spider, as the name says, wanders for prey at night and hides during the daytime. This nature causes these spiders to be dangerous as they find their safe in the houses, clothes, cars, boots, boxes and log piles, thus generating accidents when people disturb it. They are mainly found in tropical South America, with one species in Central America.
5. Goliath Bird eating Spider
In contradictory to the name, these spiders feed mostly on insects, lizards, snakes, frogs and rodents. They are the second largest spider in the world after the giant huntsman and the largest by mass. They can have a leg span of up to 11 inches and can weigh over 170 g. The females live up to 15 to 25 years whereas males die soon after maturity after 3 to 6 years of life span. The females lay around 100 to 200 eggs which hatch into baby-spider after 2 months. When threatened, they rub their abdomen with their hind legs and release hairs that are a severe irritant to the skin. These hairs can be harmful to humans. Their venomous fangs are large enough to break the skin of a human to the depth of .75 to 1.5 inches, but the venom is harmless and can be compared to a wasp’s sting. They are nocturnal animals and are found in warm and swampy places of South America.
Tarantula comprises of hairy and very large arthropods and around 900 species come under this group. Lycosa tarantula is the species originally known as the tarantula. The females can reach the size of 1.18 inches in body length whereas males are usually small with body length of .75 inches. The females carry the egg sacs, containing over 100 eggs. And after they hatch, the little ones climb on their mother’s abdomen and tour around with her for some time. When they mature, the baby spiders disperse to create their own burrows. Females live in burrows for all their lives while males wander in search of prey and mates. These spiders rarely bite, unless provoked time and again. The venom of this specie is not particularly toxic to human beings, and is no more painful than the sting of a bee; however its bite can kill small mammals and birds. They have good eyesight and usually flee on approach of large animals. They have a very strong tendency to flee at the approach of any large animal. It is difficult to capture them because they keep moving and can run very fast.
3. Funnel Web Spider
This thing is really as notorious as it looks. A poisonous spider, its bite can cause injury or even death if left untreated though fatal cases have been rarely seen, that too in absence of anti-venom. Like other species, these spiders are more active during the warmer months of the year. They have a specialty to sustain under water for as long as twenty-four hours, trapping air bubbles on their abdomen hairs. Funnel webs are aggressive, on being provoked, instead of fleeing, they take an attacking posture by standing on their hind legs and displaying their fangs.
2. Giant Huntsman Spider
With those long, slender legs, making it the world’s largest spider by leg span, this crawler, makes itself appear hideous and scary. They are yellowish brown, in color with half of its legs colored in wide dark bands. The giant huntsman spider can have a boasting length of 12 inches leg-span, and 1.8 inches body-length. This species is mostly found in Australia and is said to be a cave dweller.
1. Black Widow
The list of these creepy creatures would have been incomplete without the mention of this notorious spider, the black widow. The female ends up eating the male after mating, due to this behavior, they are commonly named as black widow. The female’s venom is at least three times more potent than that of the males, making a male’s self-defense bite ineffective. The female black widow has large venom glands and its bite is particularly harmful to humans; however the bites rarely kill humans if proper medical treatment is provided. Like most other spiders, these spiders have very poor eyesight and depend on vibrations reaching them through their webs to find trapped prey or warn them of larger threats. When the insect gets trapped in its web, the spider rushes to bite it and weave it in the silk thread. Females of this species are usually identifies with dark or black color with a red or orange markings on their abdomen.